Worrying national trends detailed on GMPA’s Poverty Monitor
By Graham Whitham
We have added two new pages to the Greater Manchester Poverty Monitor. The first details some worrying national poverty trends, showing that poverty was growing among ‘at risk’ groups in the years leading up to the pandemic.
The National Poverty Data page uses data from the government’s Households Below Average Income data series. This provides data on UK poverty levels, broken down by a range of different family types and characteristics. The most recent data takes us up to the eve of the pandemic. Children in lone parent households, households containing a disabled person and families with three or more children have always been at greater risk of poverty. That risk has been growing in recent years as illustrated in the charts below. This is why it is so important that the Government retains to £20 Universal Credit uplift.
The National Poverty data page also includes a range of other selected data, including poverty rates by ethnicity and English region. For those of us working locally, it can be useful to look at national poverty data, particularly trend data, to understand what is happening to poverty over time. Many of the national trends are likely to be replicated in Greater Manchester. It can help us think about how policy and practice can respond to the changing nature of poverty among residents in our city region.
A second new page provides Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) data at ward level. The IMD combines information from seven domains to produce an overall relative measure of deprivation for small areas in England. The domains are: Income; Employment; Education; Skills and Training; Health and Disability; Crime; Barriers to Housing Services; Living Environment. The more deprived is an area, the higher the IMD score but the lower the rank. The IMD is published every four years and was most recently published in 2019.
There are two subsets to the IMD. The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) subset measures the proportion of all children aged 0 to 15 living in income deprived families. The Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI) subset measures the proportion of all those aged 60 or over who experience income deprivation.
IMD produces data for small geographic areas know as Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs). LSOAs aren’t coterminous with electoral wards, but ‘best fit analysis’ can provide a deprivation score and ranking for electoral wards in England using IMD.
You can download the IMD score, the average score by domain and the IDACI and IDAOPI scores for best-fit LSOAs in each electoral ward in Greater Manchester by visiting this page.
We are working to a full update of the Poverty Monitor in spring 2022. If you make use the Monitor we’d be really grateful if you could complete this survey. The information we gather will help us evidence the impact and usefulness of the Monitor to stakeholders and potential funders.