Around 200,000 children are living in poverty in Greater Manchester. In 2019, End Child Poverty (ECP) produced local authority and ward level estimates of child poverty. You can find ward level child poverty rates for your area below (map showing the ‘Percentage of children living in poverty by ward’). More recently, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has published child poverty figures for local authorities in the UK. This allows us to track changes in child poverty rates at a local level over time (chart showing ‘children below average income’). Please note that methodological differences between the ECP and DWP explain the different rates of child poverty identified.
Percentage of children living in poverty by ward
The map shows the percentage of children living in poverty by ward in Greater Manchester, before and after housing costs, in 2019. The comparison of before and after housing costs shows that across all local authority areas, there is a higher proportion of children living in poverty after housing costs are taken into account, which suggests that housing costs contribute to child poverty levels. Manchester as a local authority has the highest levels of child poverty, at 40% before and 45% after housing costs. The ward with the lowest level of child poverty after housing costs is Worsley in Salford (13.4%), and the ward with the highest level of child poverty after housing costs is Werneth in Oldham, where two thirds of children are living in poverty (66.2%).
Children below average income
This chart shows the percentage of children in households with an income 60% below the median (the main measure of poverty used in the UK) before housing costs, by Local Authority in Greater Manchester from 2014/15 to 2018/19. This data is based on ECP analysis of DWP calculations of poverty (hence the difference between this data and data shown above). The data shows that the proportion of children in low income households has increased across all Greater Manchester boroughs over this period, but with variation across the conurbation; in Trafford, the proportion of children in low income households (before housing costs) increased by less than two percentage points, compared to an increase of almost ten percentage points in Oldham over the same period.
The table below details more recently published analysis from End Child Poverty showing the percentage of children in households with an income 60% below the median after housing costs in 2014/15 and 2018/19 (along with the percentage change over that period). On this measure, Child poverty increased in all but one Greater Manchester boroughs during that period. The areas in our city region with the lowest child poverty rates in 2014/15 either saw relatively small increases in the five years up to 2018/19 (Stockport seeing an increase of 0.2% and Wigan an increase of 1.7%), or a decrease (Trafford seeing a fall of 0.9%). In contrast, Manchester had the highest child poverty rate in Greater Manchester in both 2014/15 and 2018/19 and saw the second highest increase over this period (7%).
Child poverty and ethnicity
The importance of understanding the intersection between poverty and certain characteristics has been reinforced by the COVD-19 pandemic, which has disproportionately affected low-income households from certain backgrounds. There is limited data on poverty by ethnicity at a local level. GMPA has ranked ward level child poverty data against the proportion of people identifying as BAME in census data. This analysis suggests a correlation in Greater Manchester between the ethnic make of an area and the level of poverty. Areas with the highest BAME populations in Greater Manchester have the highest levels of child poverty. Fifteen out of the twenty wards with the largest BAME populations in the city region have a child poverty rate of over 50%.
You can download the rankings herePoverty Monitor: Child Poverty