Work is often seen as the best route out of poverty. However, around two thirds of working age adults and children experiencing poverty in the UK live in households where at least one person is in work. The rise of in-work poverty in the UK has been a growing trend over the last decade and suggests that employment alone is often not an effective means of escaping poverty. Addressing low pay and supporting in-work progression is central to tackling in-work poverty. That’s why GMPA hosts the Greater Manchester Living Wage Campaign. The data on this page shows some of the differences in respect of pay and wage growth in Greater Manchester over recent years.
Of course, the risk of poverty remains greater among those living in workless households. This page also details unemployment rates for males and females over time in each of Greater Manchester’s boroughs.
The map shows the estimated proportion of workers aged 16+ earning the National Minimum Wage (NMW) or National Living Wage (NLW) in 2018 by Greater Manchester local authority. The map shows that Salford has the lowest proportion of workers earning the NMW or NLW at 4.5%, with Rochdale having the highest proportion of workers earning the NMW or NLW at 12.2%.
Average weekly gross pay
This chart shows the change in average weekly gross pay across the Greater Manchester boroughs and England since 2008. Over this period, weekly pay has grown compared to 2008 in all Greater Manchester boroughs. Four Greater Manchester boroughs (Stockport, Trafford, Manchester, Bolton) have seen a higher growth in weekly pay than the England average. Generally speaking, the areas with the highest rates of pay in 2019 have also seen the highest growth over the period, with the notable exception of Bury which has seen growth of 21%, slightly below the national average. The areas with the lowest rates of average pay at under £500 per week (Rochdale, Tameside and Oldham) have seen lower rates of growth over this period.
Average hourly pay
The chart shows the average hourly pay in 2019 by local authority in Greater Manchester, and the comparison to the England average. The chart shows that three local authorities- Trafford, Stockport and Bury- have average hourly rates of pay above the England figure of £15.02. Greater Manchester, as a whole, has an average hourly rate of pay that is £1.21 lower than this at £13.81. Bolton has the lowest hourly rate of pay in Greater Manchester at £12.54, which is £2.48 per hour less than the England average.
Unemployment rates 16-64
This chart shows the unemployment rate in those aged 16-64 between December 2005 and December 2019, by sex and by area (Greater Manchester and the local authorities). In Greater Manchester, unemployment has been higher for men than for women over this period, however for both sexes the unemployment rate was 5.1% in December 2019. Bolton had the highest unemployment rate for women in December 2019 at 9.4%, and Manchester had the highest rate for men at 6.6%.Poverty Monitor: Labour Market